Taking advantage of Food: Suggestions For Optimum Nutrition Intake

Nutrition is an important aspect of everyone's life. Nutrition consists of eating and drinking properly to maximize fitness of your body and increase your overall health level. Sometimes practicing proper nutrition can be hard. In order to make practicing proper nutrition easier, follow the tips in this article.

When considering nutrition for a child, be sure that you stick to a standard schedule so that they eat when they are supposed to eat. If a child snacks throughout the day, it is very possible that they will not be hungry enough to eat a full meal and may miss out on nutrients that were not available in their snack food.

To receive the benefits of antioxidants, you don't have to drink exotic fruit juices. Tomatoes, one of the most common foods, contain loads of these beneficial antioxidants and they also have plenty of vitamins, like C and A. http://www.iamsport.org/pg/bookmarks/hermina806titus/read/32290758/the-course-to-greater-fitness-begins-here can be enjoyed in various ways. Cherry tomatoes are great for snacking, while large tomatoes can be used in sandwiches, soups, sauces and many other uses.

Eat oatmeal for breakfast. Foods that contain oats or a lot of grain can be very filling. Try eating foods like oatmeal for breakfast in the morning. This will make you fill fuller for a longer amount of time than a typical breakfast. You will be more likely to make it from breakfast to lunch without picking up a snack.

In the grocery store, shop the outer areas and try to avoid the inner aisles. The outer walls of the grocery store is where the good stuff is. Fruits and veggies, fresh meat, fish, bread and dairy are all usually located on the outer aisles and areas. http://ttlink.com/bookmark/3932d88c-e513-44b0-ae98-3b0fcd5c7992 are usually full of preprocessed foods that can tempt you off course like cookies, chips, pastas, and others. Stay away from them to keep your shopping in line.


To improve your health, try skipping the sweet tea and drink green tea instead. Green tea has been shown to boost your metabolism and protect against many forms of cancer. It can also lower your cholesterol levels. Don't drink green tea from a box, though. Brew it yourself with a tea bag or use loose leaves.

Obesity and nutrition are major concerns today. Not obese people have poor eating habits that have lead to excess weight gain. Many people who are classified as obese have a great diet. Nutrition is one way to help one maintain over all heath, even if weight issues are present.

Eating as many fruits and vegetables as you can will boost your nutrition. They are filled with essential vitamins and minerals and will also help your immune system stay strong. Make sure to still eat your protein at meals, just try to eat a smaller amount and if you feel like snacking, pick up some carrot sticks.

Clean out your fridge, freezer and cabinets. Toss the "bad" foods and replace with health alternatives. Keep fresh fruit and veggies on hand for snacking. Put a note on the refrigerator that says "no junk allowed" if you must. If you have kids, have a special place for any of their snacks that might tempt you.

If you are having a hard time making sense of the body's complex nutritional needs, you probably are not alone. Consider scheduling an appointment with a licensed nutritionist. These professionals have years and years experience working with all types of people with all types of specific nutritional needs. A proscribed nutritional plan can make a world of difference in the way you look and feel, but only if you follow it.

It is always a great idea to avoid eating junk food. Not only does junk food have poor nutrition values, but also it is often times loaded up with toxins and preservatives. Find better alternatives when you get a sweet tooth, fruits offer you a great escape, and milk chocolate is a healthier alternative to other junk foods.

If you are a big soup fan you should try making your own from scratch instead of eating those that are in a can. how to boost collagen replenish reserveage bought soups in a can are full of fat and sodium, and a lot of time the low-fat versions have sugar added to them for flavor. Making your own means you regulate what goes in them.

When it is time to eat try to sit down and enjoy your meal. When you eat meals standing up or while on the go your body does not digest all of the food the way that it should be doing and you will have a harder time getting the extra weight off.

Vegetables like celery and lettuce have high fiber content. Fiber content is good for your bowel system because it provides roughage, indigestible material that passes through the body and helps things pass through. They also have very low calorie content due to the nature of their stem and leaf like qualities. The plants have very low sugar content, and are great for losing weight.

Always try and choose a whole wheat option with your food. Whole wheat can reduce heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and many other diseases. Don't bye white bread, it has none of these benefits, and will increase your waist line. Try purchasing rye bread, or whole wheat instead. Also try a brown rice instead of white.

Eat your day's worth of fruit and vegetables. There have been numerous studies done that explain the fact that eating a lot of fruit and vegetables helps your skin stay healthy by giving it extra vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. All of these will keep your skin protected all while keeping your body healthy as well.




What Your Acne Says About Your Health


What the Acne on Every Part of Your Body Is Trying to Tell You What Your Acne Says About Your Health


When you are really craving something salty, many types of nuts have very high nutritional value, but you have to keep in mind that they also have very high calories. If you take a few pistachios or walnuts and put them on a plate with some low calorie cheese you will have a great satisfying snack.

By now, you have probably started to understand the complex systems by which our bodies ingest and use nutrients. You have seen how good nutrients lead to good health. These tips are just a beginning. Now it is up to you to shop with care, eat a balanced diet of quality foods, and embrace good eating habits, so you can achieve optimal health.

Use This Great Recommendations To Obtain In Shape

You have always wanted to find out about, or possibly enhance your current knowledge of fitness and have scoured the Internet for information to help you. The tips and tricks we provide in this article, when followed as suggested, should help you to either improve on what you have already done or help you start off well.

Considering a gym membership but can't afford the monthly dues? Try doing home work-out routines with a friend instead. Work-out videos and routines can be found online at little or no cost to you. By inviting a friend to join you, you can satisfy the need for accountability as well as the social aspect that you would otherwise get from joining a gym.

A great fitness tip for runners who experience sore calves would be to sleep on your belly and let your feet dangle off the bed. Over the course of the night, your calves will stretch out just from being in this position. Of course, stretching, warming up and cooling down are also going to assist you with this.




Best exercises for your body, according to a Harvard doctor


Instead of long-distance running, which can be hard on your joints and digestive system, Lee recommends five other types of workouts. They generate benefits that range from weight loss and muscle building to protecting your heart and brain and strengthening your bones. Best exercises for your body, according to a Harvard doctor


A sports bar, eaten 15 minutes before you work out, is an effective way to charge your energy. While it is not a good idea to eat a heavy meal right before working out, a sports bar can give you the same energy that a full meal would and hits your system much faster.

Keep track of your workouts. Keeping a daily or weekly log, tracking all of your workouts, ensures that you are making progress in your exercises and it will help hold you accountable. Write down collagen drink for joints , such as duration, frequency, weight sizes and sets, reps and how your workout made you feel.

Dancing is a fun way to get fit! To dance in the comfort of your own home, find an open area such as a living room or basement. Turn on the radio or find some music on your computer that you would like to dance to. Listen to the beat and let your body move in any way or form that feels comfortable. Nobody's watching, so let loose and don't feel embarrassed!

Even the most seasoned runner encounters muscle soreness in their calves upon waking in the morning. Try this: sleep on your stomach and allow your feet to hang over the side of your bed. Overnight, the effects of gravity will lightly stretch your muscles, making them noticeably less sore when you wake up the next morning.

As a way to strengthen the muscles in your forearms, try an excellent tip from people who play racquet sports. Find a flat surface and put a big piece of newsprint onto it. For half of a minute, crumple up the whole paper with only the dominant hand. After doing this twice, change hands and do the action again, then twice with your dominating hand once more.

Work your hamstrings in order to make your sprint faster. Your hamstring muscles help your speed and are used to push off. Leg curl is a great exercise to get strong hamstrings, but instead of releasing this exercise quickly, release slowly which will work your hamstrings more. Strong hamstrings equal a faster sprint.

Most people will feel extremely tired or exhausted after a work out. You will most likely want to take some sort of pain killer like Advil or aspirin. Scientists have shown that this actually has little to no effect on reliving pain is no more helpful than a placebo.

You should avoid trying to exercise when you are ill. If all of your symptoms are above the neck, you may still exercise if you want. If you are sick and working out, your body will be trying to heal itself. It will not be focused on building muscle and endurance. If you are sick, it is best to stop exercising until you are better.

http://www.iamsport.org/pg/bookmarks/joy17greg/read/32527109/how-you-can-begin-to-become-more-fit-today how well your abdominal muscles are doing by testing them with a backwards sit-up. Start by sitting with your feet flat, legs bent, and fingers behind your ears with your elbows out. Try to lower yourself down slowly; any less than 5 seconds indicates that you need to focus more on your abdominal routine. The best way to do that is by working on your abs first in your exercise routine.


If you want to improve your tennis game, you must train your eyes to focus quicker. When you are able to change your focus on a continual basis, you will be able to hit more winners. When you are riding in a vehicle, try focusing on an object in the distance. Then, immediately shift your focus to a closer object. Do this repeatedly, and you will begin to notice an improvement in your tennis game.

Only use weight belts for large muscle lift workouts. In these special cases, weight belts can actually help you to perform better, by helping to properly distribute weight and give you the center of balance that you need to be stronger. Weight belts can help reduce injury when weight lifting, because of the assistance they provide with balance.

A easy way to get fit is by doing yard work. Any type of yard work will maximize the amount of calories you burn and also make your neighbors jealous. This combination is excellent. Try improving your living space once a week for some physical activity. As you lose track with your endeavors, you will forget that you are working your body.

Get outside and get moving. There are many classic games and activities that kids and grown-ups can do. Games like hop-scotch, hide-and-seek, tag, kickball, or jumping rope are just a few ways you can get outside and stay active. You can even make up your own game, just keep moving!

When working out, don't wear shoes that are a poor fit. Make sure that you are shopping for fitness shoes later in the day when your feet are at their largest. There should be at least one half inch of room between the longest toe and the front of the shoe. Choose a size that is bigger than what you normally wear if need be.

A good fitness tip for people who lift weights is to stretch the muscle that you have just worked out between each set. Studies have shown that people who stretch between sets increase their strength by up to twenty percent. This strategy should be implemented by all weight lifters everywhere.

Now you see that fitness is a lot more that just jogging on a treadmill. collagen powder and constipation takes a lot of work to sculpt the body you want. You don't want to overdo it and harm yourself, so why not take some time to learn how to do it right? The tips noted above should help.

Excellent Suggestions About The Best Ways To Accomplish Fitness Goals

please click the following article say that improving your personal fitness is so tough to do, but that is only true if you don't know the right way to get into shape. Just like anything, improving your fitness involves improving your knowledge and getting the right advice. This article contains a number of tips to improve your personal fitness.

In order to get the most out of a fitness routine, be sure to work on your core. This is your abdominal region, and pretty much everything except for your limbs. It is important, because this region is used to stabilize the rest of your body, and it also is imperative to maintaining a healthy back. Be sure to check with a doctor to find out which core exercises suit you the best.

If you have yet to reach your fitness horizon and need a confidence boost to get going again, shop for and purchase new work out clothing. Even a smaller item like a tank top, or sweat band can make you want to get out there and show it off.

In order to maximize your fitness routine at the gym, be sure to only rest when needed between sets. This will save time, at the gym and get you moving to other activities quicker. Later on in your workout you'll need more rests, however you can start it off strong without any ill effects.

There can be many advantages of getting a membership to the gym closest to your residence. Also, you can custom exercises that involve running from your home to the gym, in order to get more exercise. You can then include getting back to your house as a part of your fitness routine.

Pack a lunch and eat in the park instead of eating out. Not only will you get some fresh air and sunshine, but you'll undoubtedly consume healthier foods. The fact that you walk to the park for your lunch has the added benefit of giving you a much needed break and a little bit of exercise!

A great tip to help you stay fit is to go for hikes. Not only will you be burning a lot of calories, you'll be able to enjoy nature. Some hiking books list all of the hikes in a certain area and they can be a great resource.

http://blogs.rediff.com/jarod930kelley/2017/06/02/nutrition-tips-for-a-healthy-body/ can build your run time by changing the way you breath. While running, when you inhale, breathe so that your belly rises. When you breath likes this you are ensuring that your lungs are fully inflating with oxygen. This will help you to run for a longer period of time.

You can build up your physical strength through the use of lighter weights. Your muscles will have just as much force as when you lift heavier weights, except you will be going much slower. These are especially great for bench-presses. Go with about 40-60% of what you usually lift and do 8 sets of 12 repetitions pushing the weight up quickly. Have a 30 second rest period between sets.

If collagen stretch marks from growing are planning to track your consumption and activity levels throughout the day, you might consider downloading a weight loss app for your smartphone. Some apps offer calorie counting, nutritional value, customized meal plans, and other helpful tools that help you keep up. You can find hundreds of useful weight loss apps, many of which are either free or 99 cents.

Exercise your hamstrings with extended ankle leg curls. You can do these while either standing or sitting down, but make sure that you extend your ankle in the entire process. This elongates and stretches the hamstrings, as well as exercises the rest of your legs. This is especially beneficial to a runner.

Don't anchor your feet when doing situps. Anchoring your feet can cause you to "cheat" on your situps by using your legs instead of your abdominal muscles, limiting the effectiveness of your workout. Anchoring your feet can also cause injury to your back. Instead, try doing situps on a medicine ball.

A quick trick to make sure your head is in the properly aligned position when doing sit-ups is to place your tongue against the roof of your mouth during the exercise. If your head is not aligned you could easily strain your neck muscles. This little technique will help you curb the possibility.

When you are performing the abdominal part of your exercise routine, try to spend some time on lower back exercises as well. Working on just your abdominal muscles, and not your lower back muscles, increases the chance of suffering lower back pain and injuries. It also negatively effects your posture.



6 Nutritional Tips To Make You Remember Stuff Easily! – Medical-Online


Enrich your diet with fresh legumes, vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds. Include more protein and lower the intake of carbohydrates. By doing so, you will provide a great amount of antioxidants and fibers that will clear your arteries and promote a free-blood flow to the brain. 6 Nutritional Tips To Make You Remember Stuff Easily! – Medical-Online


Get some variety in your fitness routine. There are many reasons why variety is important. If you continue with the same exercise routine over and over, boredom will likely set in. Also, if your body becomes too adjusted to the same old exercises, it will not have to work as hard. Therefore, you will not see as many results. Keep things interesting by throwing in new exercises for the routine.

Try using the US Marine Corps' fitness plan to gauge your level off fitness. See if you can do twenty pull-ups, one hundred crunches, and a three-mile run in under 18 minutes all within a two hour time period. If you can, you're on par with the standards of the Marines. If not, keep working and see if you can reach this goal.


As previously stated, eating a well-balanced diet and exercising can boost your fitness and help you live a healthier life for a long time. It's easy to become complacent with your health, and it's crucial that you fight against that mindset. Use these tips to find a healthier and happier you.

Attain Success With These Internet Marketing Tips

collagen peptides adrenal seems to confuse many people. However, nutrition is actually very simple if you follow a few basic rules and guidelines. This article provides several tips to help you make nutritious choices. You owe it to yourself and your family to make better food choices.

Omega 3 fatty acids not only assist in growth, development and brain function, they also help to protect against Alzheimer's disease. Consuming Omega 3's, has proven effective in its ability to protect the body against accumulating a certain protein believed to be linked to Alzheimer's disease. Studies have been quite encouraging.

To help you make the best nutritional choices, always read the labels before buying pre-packaged foods. These labels clearly lay out the positives and negatives of the item you're about to eat, including such important factors as calorie content, saturated fats, sodium, and vitamins. The ingredients can also be helpful if there's a specific food item you need to avoid.

When considering your nutrition, do not over do it with vitamins and supplements. Multivitamin pills can never replace the amount of nutrients that you receive in eating food. While they are good to compliment your meal with, never substitute a pill for real food. Your body might not react well to a large intake of concentrated vitamins.

To conquer a sugar craving without giving in to excess sugar, have an apple with all-natural peanut butter. This is sweet enough to feel like a treat, but the amount of sugar will not ruin your diet and as a bonus you get extra vitamins and protein in your diet.

Digestibility needs to be considered along with the nutritional value of foods. Some studies (notably by Dr. Weston Price)show that traditional methods of preparing grains make them more digestible and add food value. These methods soak the grains and cause fermentation, which in turn creates enzymes that help us digest these foods.

Mushrooms come in a multitude of varieties and add amazing flavor to many dishes. This is a good enough reason to use them. But they have great additional benefits nutritionally. Mushrooms contain protein as well as many trace minerals and needed vitamins--especially the B vitamins such as biotin.

When choosing high-protein foods, which are also, low fat, it is important how you prepare it. Some cooking methods can turn a potentially healthy, low-fat protein into a high-fat meal. Grill or bake your proteins for the lowest fat content. If you fry or add heavy sauces, your low-fat protein is no longer low-fat.

Read and understand the labels on the food you buy. The nutrition labels list the serving size, the calories, the fat, the sodium, the cholesterol, the carbohydrate, the protein and the vitamin content of each serving. Using this information, you can calculate how much you have to eat, from each type of food category.

To help maintain a healthy lifestyle, try to increase your consumption of vegetables. Baby carrots are a quick snack and a great source of both vitamin A and C. Fresh vegetables are best, but frozen veggies hold their nutritional values better than canned. Salads are a quick and tasty way to get healthy greens, but don't go overboard on the dressing.

Looking to cut your sugar intake? Avoid foods containing corn syrup. These sugar based syrups are often found in condiments, so read the labels on those products to avoid this hidden sugar source.

Many dieticians recommend replacing red meats in your diet with fish. If you had tried fish once or twice in the past but really don't see it as something that you could ever eat on a daily basis, remember that there are dozens of different types of fish. Whether you opt for mackerel, mullet, snapper, sardines, or flounder, each kind has its own distinctive flavor and texture. Just because you did not like or two kinds does not mean you will not like any of them.

Seniors can live longer, stay sharp mentally longer and maintain a high quality of life longer, with good nutrition every day. Brightly colored fruits and vegetables help keep bones stronger, which reduces the risk of fractures. The nutrients in fruits and vegetables can also reduce recuperation times in the event a fracture occurs.

Spinach is a great vegetable to consume and advantageous for your body as well. You can add this vegetable to any meal that you choose, to restore the vitamin E in your body. Spinach helps to reduce the amount of oil on your skin during the day and night, yielding a softer skin palette.

If you want to eat less meat, but are worried about not getting enough protein, you can substitute with legumes and beans. Black beans make great Cuban meals, or you can take the meat out of your tacos and replace it with lentils that're seasoned. Bean dips, soups, quesadillas, burritos and other meals can be meatless and have a lot of fiber.


A great nutrition tip is to keep in mind, is that fat is an essential part of every diet and it is not something that should be completely avoided. The key is to focus on eating beneficial fats, such as those found in fish, nuts and avocados. Incorporating these types of foods is a smart way to get needed fats into one's daily menu.

Good nutrition requires eating for the right reasons. Most people have a certain amount of emotional transitions throughout the day and week. Events happen or melancholy feelings can set in for any number of reasons. Whatever the case may be, do not allow these emotional setbacks to trigger your eating mechanism. Emotional eating is wasted eating and wasted calories.

Eat breakfast to improve nutrition. When you skip breakfast you are more likely to overeat later. You are also more likely to crave foods high in sugar or unhealthy fats. Eating a nutritious breakfast every morning enables your body to have better control over your blood sugar and since you are satiated you are less likely to give in to unhealthy cravings.



mouse click the up coming web site blockquote class="curated_content">

The Importance of Collagen


In today’s post, we’ll take a look at why this protein found in the body is so important and ways you can implement it into your skin care routine to keep yourself looking younger and healthier. The Importance of Collagen

Cooking your own meals as often as possible is a great way to maintain superior nutrition. By cooking your own food you have complete control over what you eat. You can avoid artificial and highly processed additives that only a food scientist could understand and pronounce. When you eat whole foods you get all the available nutrition. Even if http://www.iamsport.org/pg/bookmarks/reatha756byron/read/32230326/meet-your-fitness-goals-with-these-tips bake yourself dessert you will be more likely to appreciate the work it takes and savor the home-made flavor. Simple cooking skills are important if children and adults alike are going to overcome bad eating habits and maintain good health.

As you may now be starting to understand, the world of nutrition does not need to be as confusing as you thought it might be. The important thing to remember is to take action over your nutrition decisions. By following the tips and advice from this article you will help to ensure that your nutrition will be the best it can possibly be.

Consume For Good Nutrition With These Healthy Tips

It might seem that good nutrition should be common sense, but for many people, they cannot commit to eating healthy. While it's not hard to get frustrated by failures in the past, this article should help you with tips to have and achieve better nutritional goals in your future.

Try to substitute healthy alternatives for fatty or sugary foods you enjoy. For example, instead of a bowl of ice cream, you can have some yogurt with fruit. Instead of french fries, try half of a baked potato. You don't have to cut out all the good tasting food in your life, just make healthier choices about what the tasty things you do eat.

If you care about someone who needs to improve their nutrition, you have a challenging road ahead, but you can make progress and you should try. If you live with someone who is overweight or otherwise unhealthy, you can approach the subject in a loving way. http://www.purevolume.com/listeners/kwongpro2bucker/posts/6782974/What+Are+The+most+effective+Creams+To+avoid+Aging%3F can introduce small changes, like substituting Splenda for the sugar, in the sugar bowl. You can gradually work down from whole to 1% milk and you can switch from white to whole wheat bread. Even if https://storify.com/ronald052paola/ways-to-get-the-nutrition-your-body-requirements don't change your loved one's weight, that person will be getting more solid nutrition and will be in better health.

There are two thoughts regarding whether eating meat is ethical. One sees it as killing a fellow creature and morally wrong. Another says that the farm animals that produce our meat only have life because they provide food for us and that when we eat meat with gratitude we affirm these animals' lives.

Instead of reaching for coffee or an energy drink the moment that you wake up, turn to a grapefruit, apple or orange instead. Read More In this article are fantastic for your body because they come with a multitude of vitamins that are essential for your health and nutrition. Adding these to your routine, can also improve your energy level during the day.

Salmon is such an excellent food when trying to lose weight. It has so many nutritional benefits, and can help keep you going for a long period of time. If you are a little afraid of cooking fish, canned salmon is an excellent, affordable alternative, that will taste wonderful.

Eat ground turkey rather than ground beef. Ground turkey has far less fat and calories. Just make sure it is made from turkey breast instead of the darker, fattier meat. Make sure you don't grab just any ground turkey, as only the leaner portions are healthier than red meat.

Next time you want a snack, grab a handful of blueberries. Blueberries are packed with nutrients that are vital to your body. They provide a high level of vitamin C. They also contain antioxidant properties that protect your cell tissue from being damaged by free radicals. Blueberries may also have potential benefits in the fight against cancer.

Moderate your alcohol intake. Sugary calories, which are abundant in alcoholic drinks, are easily converted to fat stored in your body. Also, when there is alcohol in your body, it causes your liver to work overtime to process it and burn fat. Excess alcohol intake can cause many threatening health conditions.

When considering your nutrition, do not over do it with vitamins and supplements. Multivitamin pills can never replace the amount of nutrients that you receive in eating food. While they are good to compliment your meal with, never substitute a pill for real food. Your body might not react well to a large intake of concentrated vitamins.

Healthy eating habits start with good nutrition. Staying away from fast foods, fatty or fried foods, and foods high in added sugar can help you to avoid such health issues as diabetes, hypertension, obesity, heart attack, and stroke. The more people know about how nutrition works, the better their choices can be.

To get a proper healthy nutrition you should make sure every meal you eat is balanced. Do not over-indulge any one food group at any one sitting. Putting all of your food groups together on one plate encourages you to maintain a balanced diet through sheer force of habit. You will find this a lot easier than trying to eat an all-vegetable dinner to make up for a vegetable-free day.




10+ Unbelievable Before & After Fitness Transformations Show How Long It Took People To Get In Shape


Some changes can't be made in 3 months, without drug, every one who's been to a gym knows that, makes me sick this people who keep saying that they did a huge transformation in 3 months without any drug or surgery. 10+ Unbelievable Before & After Fitness Transformations Show How Long It Took People To Get In Shape



To keep your skin healthy, you should consider limiting your sodium intake. Sodium can make your skin puffy. Soda can be very high in sodium. If you are a big soda drinker, you should look for alternates. Sometimes low sodium sodas are available. Making the switch can be great for your skin.

Buy low fat yogurt and make sure you have a bit of it in your fridge. Yogurt is a great meal supplement that is low in calories and fat. It also tastes great and is good for your health. It is also relatively inexpensive, allowing you to keep your food budget low.

To satisfy the need for protein that is part of a healthy diet, the best option is small portions of lean meat. Protein provides lots of energy and reduces cravings for less healthy foods. It can be difficult to find protein in foods that do not also have unhealthy components. The leaner the meat the better, in order to avoid unwanted fats.

You have read many reasons for improving your nutrition. You have also learned some tips on how to do that. Try these tips for about one month, and you will notice that you will start to feel better on a day to day basis. You will have more energy, and be able to be more productive.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15